Introduction to Computer

• History of development of computers

• Computer system concepts

• Characteristics

• Capabilities and limitations

• Generations of computers.

• Basic components of a computer system – Control Unit, ALU, I/ O Devices,

  memory – RAM, ROM, EPROM, PROM, Flash Memory and other types of memory.


Storage Devices

• Storage fundamentals – Primary Vs Secondary

• Data Storage and Retrieval methods – Sequential, Direct and Index Sequential.

• Various Storage Devices – Magnetic Tape, Magnetic Disks, Cartridge Tape, Data Drives, Hard Disk Drives,

  Floppy (Winchester Disk), Disks, Optical Disks, CD, VCD, CD-R, CD-RW, Zip Drive, DVD, SVCD.

Computer Software

• Types of Software – System software, Application software, Utility Software, Demoware, Shareware, Freeware, Firmware, Free Software.

• Operating Systems – Functions, Types – Batch Processing, Single User, Multi User, Multiprogramming, Multi-Tasking.

• Programming languages – Machine, Assembly, High Level, 4 GL.

• Data representation in computers.

• Number System of computers – Binary, Octal, Hexa Decimal – Representation & their conversion.

• Coding System – ASCII, BCD, and EBCDIC etc.

• Computer Viruses


Disk Operating System (DOS)

• Introduction, History & Versions of DOS

DOS basics

• Physical structure of disk, drive name, FAT, file & directory structure and naming rules, booting process, DOS system files.

Basic DOS Commands

• Internal – DIR, MD, CD, RD, Copy, DEL, REN, VOL, DATE, TIME, CLS, PATH, TYPE etc.


• Executable V/s Non executable files in DOS.


• Windows concepts, features, windows structure, desktop, taskbar, start menu, my computer, Recycle Bin.

• Windows Accessories – Calculator, Notepad, Paint, WordPad, Character map.

• Windows Explorer – Creating folders and other Explorer facilities.

• Entertainment – CD Player, DVD Player, Media Player, Sound Recorder, Volume Control.

Microsoft Office (MS Word, Excel, Power Point)2007

Word Processing: MS Word 2007

• Introduction to Word Processing

• Introduction to MS Word: features, Creating, Saving and Opening documents in Word, Interface, Toolbars, Ruler, Menus, Keyboard Shortcut.

• Editing a Document – Moving, Scrolling in a document, Opening Multi document windows, Editing Text – Selecting, Inserting, deleting, moving text.

• Previewing documents, Printing documents – Print a document from the standard toolbar, Print a document from the menu, shrinking a document to fit a page, Reduce the number of pages by one.

• Formatting Documents: Paragraph formats, Aligning Text and Paragraph, Borders and Shading, Headers and Footers, Multiple Columns.

Worksheet: MS Excel 2007

• Worksheet basics

• Creating worksheet, entering data into worksheet, heading information, data, text, dates, Cell formatting values, saving & protecting worksheet.

• Opening and moving around in an existing worksheet

• Toolbars and Menus, keyboard shortcuts 5

• Working with single and multiple workbook – coping, renaming, moving, adding and deleting, coping entries and moving between workbooks

• Working with formulas & cell referencing. - Autosum - Coping formulas - Absolute & Relative addressing

• Working with ranges – creating, editing and selecting ranges, sorting.

• Formatting of worksheet – Auto format, changing – alignment, character styles, column width, date format, borders &colours, currency signs.

• Previewing & Printing worksheet – Page setting, Print titles, Adjusting margins, Page break, headers and footers.

• Graphs and charts – using wizards, various charts type, formatting grid lines & legends, previewing & printing charts.

MS Power Point 2007

• Features and various versions

• Creating presentation using Slide master and template in various colour scheme

• Working with different views and menus of power point

• Working with slides – Make new slide, move, copy, delete, duplicate, lay outing of slide, zoom in or out of a slide.

• Editing and formatting text: Alignment, editing, inserting, deleting, selecting, formatting of text, find and replace text.

• Bullets, footer, paragraph formatting, spell checking. • Printing presentation – Print slides, notes, handouts and outlines.

• Inserting Objects – Drawing and inserting objects using Clip Art's pictures and charts.

• Custom Animation – slide transition effects and other animation effects.

• Presenting the show – making stand alone presentation.


C Language :Introduction

• Introduction

• C Character Set , Constants, Variables and Key words

Decision and Control Structure

• if ,if-elses, forms of if-elses statement

• Operator • Types of Loops

• Case and Switch

Arrays and Functions

• Arrays

• C Functions – Call by values and Call by reference